Compared with other types of power plants, the micro-hydro power plant is quite cheap because: It uses natural energy. Has a simple construction and can be operated in remote areas with a population of local skilled workers with little training. Does not cause pollution. Can be combined with other programs such as irrigation and fisheries Can encourage people to be able to preserve the forests so that water availability is assured. Some components used for micro hydro power plant both major components and building support among others: Dam / Dam Diversion (intake). Diversion dam used to divert water through an opening in the side of the river into a settling basin. Bak precipitator (Settling Basin). Bak precipitant is used to remove particles of sand from the water . The function of the settling basin is very important for protecting subsequent components of the impact of sand. Bearer channels (headrace). Carrier channels follow the contours of the hill to keep the elevation of the water delivered. Bak tranquilizers (Forebay).
Tranquilizers tub at the end of the carrier channel that serves to prevents water turbulence before they are deployed through the pipe rapidly Pipe Pesat (Penstock). Penstock connected at a lower elevation to a wheel of water, known as a turbine . Turbine:The turbine is used to convert water flow energy into mechanical rotation energy. Suction pipes, (draft tube). Suction pipe serves to suck water, restore the flow pressure is still high pressure into the atmosphere . Generator . The generator is used to generate electricity from mechanical rotation. Control panel. The control panel serves to stabilize the voltage. Diversion Expenses (Ballast load). Diversion load serves as a secondary load (dummy) when the load consumers has decreased. This load switcher performance is regulated by the control panel.